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Male Cancer

family planning, reproductive health, male cancer

Prostate Cancer 

Prostate cancer is a tumor that grows in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. In most men, the cancer grows very slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. Many men with the disease will never know they have it. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.

Early prostate cancer is confined to the prostate gland itself. Most men with this type of cancer can live for years with no problems.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is cancer in a man’s testicle or testis. Compared with other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare. 

Testicular cancer may spread slowly or quickly. It usually spreads to nearby lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bones, and possibly the brain.

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when the cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments or a combination. Regular testicular self-examinations can help identify abnormal growths early when the chance for successful treatment of testicular cancer is highest.

Penile Cancer

Penile cancer begins as a blister on the foreskin (for uncircumcised men), head or shaft of the penis and then becomes a wart-like growth that discharges watery pus. 

Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) may increase the risk of developing penile cancer, which is why it is important to use condoms during sex.

Men who were not circumcised at birth may also have a higher risk of developing penile cancer.

Signs of penile cancer include sores, discharge, and bleeding.

These and other signs may be caused by penile cancer or by other conditions so make sure to check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

-Redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis

-A lump on the penis

Tests that examine the penis are used to detect (find) and diagnose penile cancer.

Sources: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353087

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/symptoms-causes/syc-20352986

https://www.webmd.com/cancer/penile-cancer-overview#1

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