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What is Contraception and How Does it Work?

contraception, contraceptive, family planning, reproductive health

Contraception prevent pregnancy. There are different types of contraception, and they work in different ways.

The two main types of contraceptives:

  1. hormonal method (pills, injectables, implant, IUD)
  2. barrier method (condoms)

Depending on the type, these contraceptive methods work by:

  • Prevents ovulation (when a woman’s ovary releases an egg cell)
  • Prevents a man’s sperm cell from meeting the egg cell
  • Prevents a fertilized egg cell from attaching to the uterine lining

The right contraceptive method for you depends on several factors. That includes your medical history, lifestyle, how often you have sex, and how many sexual partners you have.

Condoms are the most accessible contraception. You can buy them at convenience stores, pharmacies, and even online stores. Pills are also available at pharmacies, but they require a doctor’s prescription.

Whether you seek for a reversible method that can protect you for years (like IUDs), or a short-term method that is also effective (such as the pill), there are a lot of ways to figure out which one suits you best.

To know more about contraceptive methods, seek advice from your doctor, and you can visit the “Contraceptive Finder” section here.

Sources:

https://www.your-life.com/en/your-body/contraception/

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception/what-is-contraception/

https://www.familyplanning.org.nz/advice/contraception/what-is-contraception

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